Many of you reading this might already be diaper pros so this is old news to you. For those of you that are new to the cloth diaper (CD) world I thought it would be great to help you out by explaining some of the types of diapers you may see here on Diaper Wars. These are not the only types of diapers available, but are the ones you will most likely be seeing in our battles.
Fitted: Just like other modern cloth diapers but without a layer of PUL (waterproof fabric). Fitteds can be found in different styles: 1) absorbency can be sewn in like an AIO 2) a pocket style 3) a snap in (like an AI2). Fitteds may have snaps, aplex or they can be closureless (to be used with pins or a snappi.) Fitted diapers are great for night time use as they allow maximum airflow, therefor reducing risk of diaper rash. You need a cover made out of either PUL, fleece, wool or acrylic to make these diapers waterproof.
Hybrid fitted: Just like a fitted except with a hidden layer of Fleece (or other types of water resistant fabric.) This type of diaper will generally last longer than a regular fitted, but is still not waterproof. These (along with a cover) have become a favorite for overnight wear. You need to use a cover to make these diapers waterproof.
Pocket: A diaper with a layer of PUL either as an outer or a hidden layer. Pockets will have either snaps or an aplix closure. These diapers have a stay-dry inner such as microchamois, minky, velour or fleece. They have an opening (pocket) that allows you to stuff as little or as much absorbency as you feel is needed. You do not need a cover to make these diapers waterproof.
All In One (AIO): These are often described as the easiest diapers as they are most like disposable diapers. They have all the layers of absorbency sewn right into one single diaper. They require no stuffing but they often do not clean as well as a diaper with openings and they take much longer to dry. You do not need a cover to make these diapers waterproof.
All In Two (AI2): Similar to an AIO, but with a removable absorbent layer for easier washing and faster drying. Absorbent layer is usually snapped into the diaper, sitting directly against baby’s skin. You do not need a cover to make these diapers waterproof.
Diaper Covers: A shell typically made with Polyurethane Laminate AKA – PUL (a waterproof fabric.) Diaper covers can be put over fitted diapers, prefolds or flats to make them waterproof. Diaper covers can be made in many different ways. Some of the most popular are 1) with an outer of a cute fabric and inner exposed PUL this makes it reusable throughout the day. 2) Cute outer fabric, hidden layer of PUL and a inner layer of microchamois, minky, velour or fleece. 3) Just PUL. 4) Fleece. Diaper covers can have Aplex (aka Velcro) or Snap closures.
Other helpful information.
One size (OS) diapers – a diaper that may fit from birth up to 35-40 LBs although many fit best from about 10-15 Lbs and up.
Newborn (NB) diapers – typically fit from about 5-12 lbs some go as high as 15 Lbs.
Front snapping diapers – snaps along the front of the diaper (most popular style)
Side snapping diapers – snaps are at the hip. Many prefer this style for babies with chunkier legs.
Some acronyms you may see
OBF – Organic Bamboo Fleece
OBV – Organic Bamboo Velour
CV – Cotton Velour
WAHM – Work at home mom
SAHM – Stay at home mom
PPD – Postage payed – meaning postage is included in purchase price.
T&T – turned and topstiched (a way to finish CDs)
And a tip from a veteran CDer. Don’t put all your eggs in one basket. You may think you will like one type of diaper and get excited and buy up every diaper of that style that you see, its happens easily and before you know it you are awaiting 2 dozen diapers in the mail, no kidding. Not every type of diaper will work for every baby. What works wonders for your BFFs baby may not work at all for yours. There are many reasons this may be true including but not limited to fit (some diapers fit skinny minnies much better than chunky monkeys and vise versa), types of material used (some babies have sensitivities to certain fabrics,) and some babies may need more absorbency than others so there needs to be an easy way to add more.